Extremes of Iceland – Preparing for field work in Iceland in February by burning filters at 800 degrees Celsius

Photo: The filtration system ready for laboratory work at the Sudurnes Science and Learning Center, Iceland, after field sampling.

It is just amazing how much preparations are needed right before the field work can take place! Iceland will be the first place for us to start this winter-season’s field work. But, we did start a new measurement setup for BC deposition in snow here in Helsinki Kumpula this week, too, at the SMEARIII station, https://www.atm.helsinki.fi/SMEAR/index.php/smear-iii, and it was by a fortunate co-incidence that I started talking with my colleaque Mika Vestenius in the lunch table and thanks to him here we are!

This week, one week before going to field and working on the  impurities on snow and water, preparing for field work means pre-burning sample filters, collecting together all the laboratory stuff needed, and planning more detailed about the sampling and the program during the visit… and there will be a lot of going on during the visit, but about that you can read more later in my separate BLACK-blog’s posting on Iceland visit.

So, this week I have pre-burned filters at 800 degrees Celsius for 4 hours! From that, I took an image to show you what it means in practice. Here you go:

Photo: The filters are preburned in an oven at temperature of 800 degrees Celsius for 4 hours at a time.

In addition, here in Finland many Finns have been occupied with snow and ice although not related to field work preparations. We really have a lot of snow in the capital area of Helsinki this year! And many of us have enjoyed skiing, and clearing snow, too… but now back to sampling…

Why do we need filters in the field work?

Filters are needed after the snow or water sample has been collected and snow melted, the water sample is filtered using a filtration system. The filters  look like this:

Photo: These are the pre-burned filters, one with a sample filtered through and the other, white ones, waiting the action to start in Iceland.

How to prepare to Iceland in February?

My Icelandic host Hanna María Kristjánsdóttir,Director of  the Sudurnes Science and Learning Center, Iceland, has warmly welcomed me and confirmed the stay. Many thanks! Can not wait to meet you all there in Iceland!

In Iceland, the winter weather can be very windy and snowy, depending on the location you are. And it can even happen in Reykjavik, as it was the case on 26 Feb. 2017.

About the new record of 51 cm of snow in Reykjavik on 26 Febr 2017

It really was a fortunate co-incident in 2017, that I was part of an international snow measurement campaign (planned way in advance!) in Reykjavik at the time of this record event. The new February snow depth record measured for Reyjavik was 51 cm. This caused a lot of trouble for the traffic. For us it meant that we had excellent conditions for our international comparison of snow depth and snow water equivalent measurement devices. We were researchers from 10 European countries and USA.

Unexpected wintertime packing list includes a swimming suit for Iceland in February

Nevertheless, after the snowy and windy winter-time field work you will have use for a bathing suit to visit an outdoor hot spring or a swimming pool! An amazing thing to do on a winter day, and possible also in February! It is a must at least once during one winter time snowy field work period!

Photos: Outi Meinander, Finnish Meteorological Institute.

 

Advertisements

About us #2: our Finnish-Icelandic-Czech-Swedish personal BIO

About us #2 will tell you more about us four, it will be about our personal bio (while About us #1 was the bio of the Black blog).

Summer is here!

Our Finnish-Icelandic-Czech-Swedish BLACK team is very much looking forward to the season 2018-2019 field work in Faroes, Iceland, and Scotland!  Let us introduce you our team, i.e., Outi, Pavla, Laura and Jonas. We all have previous Arctic and cold climate field work experience, and we were briefly introduced in “About Interact Bloggers” .

MEET THE BLACK TEAM

We are the 4 members of the BLACK project, EU-Interact H2020.  Also we  are:

  • NCoE CRAICC Fellows (Outi, Pavla and Jonas),
  • members of FMI Climate Research Programme (Outi, Laura and Jonas)
  • members of FMI Antarctic Ozone and UV research (Laura and Outi),
  • organizers of the EGU-2018 session on “Atmosphere – Cryosphere interaction with focus on transport, deposition and effects of dust, black carbon, and other aerosols” (Pavla and Outi),
  • members of FMI Aerosols in snow WG (Jonas and Outi),
  • members of EU COST Action in Dust (focus on middle and low latitudes dust, e.g., including Saharan dust) and EU COST Action on SNOW (Action coordinated by FMI Finland) (Pavla and Outi),
  • and much more.

OUR PERSONAL BIO (Outi, Pavla, Laura and Jonas)

OUTI MEINANDER, PhD, blogging from Stations FINI Faroes, SUDURNES Iceland, and ECN CAIRNGORM Scotland UK:

The capital city of Finland, Helsinki, is where I was born, and where I graduated from high school, and from the University, too. But now I live in Espoo, in one of the southern main districts of the city of Espoo, close to the Aalto University, and I work at the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), Climate Research Programme, Atmospheric Composition Research Unit, Atmospheric Aerosols Group, Aerosols in snow WG, in Helsinki, Finland.

Helsinki, Finland

My previous cool (cold) field work includes Finland and Arctic, in Sodankylä (beyond the Arctic Circle) and in Iceland, and at high altitudes in Sonnblickbasis, Austria, and I have also instrumentation for many years at Marambio Base, Antarctica, as well as had onboard the Swedish icebreaker Oden. Atmospheric radiation and effects of black carbon and Icelandic dust on snow albedo and melt, is the field of science I have most recently specialized in. From the new places to visit, Faroe Islands and Scotland will be totally new experiences for me.

My closest connection to Scotland so far is our Shetland sheepdog (Shetland belongs to Scotland).

Our Shetland Sheep dog Minttu waiting for some action to start.

On the other hand, cold climate work at high altitudes and latitudes, has to get balance from some warmer climate action, like flamenco as a hobby! My other interests include, e.g., making mosaic, meaning decorative simple recycling art works from small pieces of broken ceramics and tiles, colored glass, seashells and stones, and other recycled materials, on old chairs, tables and smaller recycled items, and also on small rocks.  Reading is also one of my favorite pastimes (I have read all the Harry Potter books in Finnish, tried one in English but found it very demanding…), and also dog walking, nature and culture walks, as well as slow cycling, and different types of other sports, just for fun.

Self-made candies on a  mosaic tray made from recycled material.

And now I wonder what Pavla, Laura, and Jonas want to tell about themselves… from this forward it will be their free word input (and I take absolutely no responsibility)… Wishing you a great summer!

PAVLA DAGSSON-WALDHAUSEROVA,  PhD, aerosol scientist from the Agricultural University of Iceland, Reykjavik:

Black deserts of Iceland

Black are the deserts and beaches in Iceland and black is the volcanic ash emitted in recent eruptions in Iceland. Sometimes our glaciers and snow are also black because volcanic dust or ash are distributed over the surfaces. Indeed, Iceland is a perfect outside laboratory to study atmosphere-cryosphere interactions. My most favourite time is up there in the black desert or chasing dust plumes and dust devils with my aerosol instruments.

Our dog Skuggi participated the ADMI2013 campaign – Aerosol Dust Measurements in Iceland 2013,  the first ever aerosol measurements campaign on dust source in Iceland.  By the way – Skuggi means shadow in Icelandic.

Sometimes we send meteorological balloons with the instrument, sometimes we collect dirty snow, but it is mostly the cameras, which bravely monitor the desert surfaces for us. Iceland is not the only High Latitude Dust (HLD) source of my interest. Our instrument travelled also to Antarctic Peninsula to capture strong dust event from local materials as well as material transported from Patagonia. It is also excited to take trip and provide measurements from Svalbard and hopefully also other HLD sources.

I am originally from the Czech Republic where we love to swim in ponds, kayak, and cross-country ski, but Iceland has become my second home since 2008 and I like to try to do my Czech hobbies here as well.

Dust is blowing everywhere…

LAURA THÖLIX, Doctoral candidate at FMI, Climate System Research, specializes in stratospheric modelling and ozone, which controls UV irradiance reaching the ground, and has experience of fieldwork in the Arctic Sodankylä and Utsjoki, Finland

(more to appear after summer holidays…)

JONAS SVENSSON, PhD, FMI Helsinki, Aerosols in snow WG, will also be contributing to filter analysis at the FMI Aerosol Laboratory Facility.

(more to appear after summer holidays…)

 

The BLACK team will be conducting fieldwork on and around the EU H2020 INTERACT stations of Faroe Islands Nature Investigation FINI, Iceland’s Sudurnes Science and Learning Center, and UK Environmental Change Network’s ECN Cairngorms, Scotland, in season 2018-2019. The BLACK blog url is https://arcticresearch.wordpress.com/category/blogs-from-the-field/black-snowy-stories-of-three-islands-black/

%d bloggers like this: